PonyProg2000 documentation
by
LancOS - Lanconelli Open Systems

http://www.LancOS.com

Last update $Date: 2008/01/05 22:57:06 $


Contents

1 Installing
2 Menu Commands
2.1 File
2.1.1 New Window
2.1.2 Open Device File
2.1.3 Open Program (FLASH) File
2.1.4 Open Data (EEPROM) File
2.1.5 Save Device File
2.1.6 Save Device File As
2.1.7 Save Program (FLASH) File
2.1.8 Save Data (EEPROM) File
2.1.9 Reload Files
2.1.10 Print
2.1.11 Close
2.1.12 Exit
2.2 Edit
2.2.1 Edit note
2.2.2 Edit security bits
2.2.3 Edit buffer enabled
2.3 Device
2.4 Command
2.4.1 Read All
2.4.2 Read Program (FLASH)
2.4.3 Read Data (EEPROM)
2.4.4 Read Security and Configuration Bits
2.4.5 Write All
2.4.6 Write Program (FLASH)
2.4.7 Write Data (EEPROM)
2.4.8 Write Security and Configuration Bits
2.4.9 Verify All
2.4.10 Verify Program (FLASH)
2.4.11 Verify Data (EEPROM)
2.4.12 Erase
2.4.13 GetInfo
2.4.14 Reset
2.4.15 Program
2.4.16 Program Options
2.5 Utility
2.5.1 Clear buffer
2.5.2 Fill buffer
2.5.3 Double bank
2.5.4  Byte swap
2.5.5 Set Serial Number
2.5.6  Serial Number Config
2.6 Setup
2.6.1 Interface Setup
2.6.2 Calibration
3 Hardware interfaces
3.1 SI Prog
3.1.1 The main board
3.1.2 ICBus eeprom adapter
3.1.3 Microwire eeprom adapter
3.1.4 SPI eeprom adapter
3.1.5 SDE2506 eeprom adapter
3.1.6 NVM eeprom adapter
3.1.7 AVR micro adapter
3.1.8 PIC micro adapter
3.1.9 Jumper setting summary
3.1.10 Serial cable
3.1.11 Electric schematic
3.1.12 Mounting plan
4 Scripts
4.1 Quick start
4.2 Command reference
 
FAQ
Appendix
A

1 Installing

Installing PonyProg depend on the system you have.
With Windows95/98/ME or NT/2000/XP just run the Setup.exe and follow the instructions.

With RedHat Linux 6.2/7.0 login as root and execute the command
# tar xvfzP ponyprog-X.XXX.tar.gz
# chmod +s /usr/local/bin/ponyprog2000
(optional)

If you want to use parallel port interfaces without run PonyProg as root you need also a 2.4.x kernel and parport, parport_pc and ppdev kernel modules. insmod all three modules before to execute PonyProg.
If you want to use serial port interfaces be sure you have the rights to read/write the /dev/ttySx devices and /var/lock directory. With RedHat you may want to add your user to uucp group.

The first time you run the program remember to select the interface and port you use with the Setup. If the program report a message like "The interface don't respond" when started, it means that you not have configured the port properly, or the interface is not connected.
You need also to run Calibration in most cases.


2 Menu commands

The following is an explanation of each menu command.


2.1 File

2.1.1 New Window

Open a new window, each window display a buffer for the device selected.


2.1.2 Open Device File

Open a file by name, and read its content in the current window. You can select the file to open through a dialog or drag and drop the file to open over the PonyProg window. PonyProg recognize several different types of file format: e2p, intel hex, motorola S-record and raw binary. If the selected file doesn't seem to be a e2p, it tries to open the file as intel hex; if this operation fails, then it tries to open the file as S-Rec; if also this operation fails, then it opens the file as binary. If the file has e2p format, you don't need to worry about the device type currently selected, otherwise you first have to select the correct device type, then load the file. In case of splitted Program/Data device like AVR and PIC the content of the data eeprom will be displayed after the content of the program flash memory in the current window with a different color.


2.1.3 Open Program (FLASH) File

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command Open a file by name and load only the program memory. You can select the file to open through a dialog. The file to load may have one of these format: intel-hex, motorola S-record or raw binary.


2.1.4 Open Data (EEPROM) File

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command Open a file by name and load only the data memory. You can select the file to open through a dialog. The file to load may have one of these format: intel-hex, motorola S-record or raw binary.


2.1.5 Save Device File

Save the content of current window buffer to a file. If no name has been specified it works like Save as.


2.1.6 Save Device File As

Open a dialog box where you can specify the name of the file. In the bottom of the dialog box you can select the file format for the file to save (indicated by the extension). If you press OK the content of the current window will be saved in the file specified. I suggest to save always in e2p format, doing so the device type and the notes will be recorded in the file. The .bin format is raw binary format, it's commonly used to export the file to other programs.

SaveAs screen shot


2.1.7 Save Program (FLASH) File

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command save the content of current window buffer program memory to a file. A dialog box asks you the name of the file to save and the file format by selecting the extension.


2.1.8 Save Data (EEPROM) File

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command save the content of current window buffer data memory to a file. A dialog box asks you the name of the file to save and the file format by selecting the extension.


2.1.9 Reload Files

This command reload last opened files in the current window buffer. It's useful when you need to edit/build the files from an external program (assembler/compiler) and you need to repeat the same cycle: compile - load file - write device more than one time.


2.1.10 Print

Open a dialog box where you can select the printer name and options. If you press OK the content of the current window will be printed.


2.1.11 Close

Close the current window, if there is only one opened window a dialog window asks you if you want to exit; you can choose Yes or No. If the current window buffer is modified a dialog window asks you if you want to save the content in a file before to close the window.


2.1.12 Exit

Close all the opened window and exit the program. If there is a modified window buffer a dialog window asks you if you want to save the content to a file before to close the window.


2.2 Edit

2.2.1 Edit note

Open a dialog box where you can edit a Chip id and a note. These two fields are saved within the window buffer if you use the e2p file format (see Open). These two fields are free text editing, and are useful for a description of the device programmed and the meaning of its content.

Edit note screen shot


2.2.2 Security Bits

Open a dialog box where you can edit a device specific Configuration and Security bits. This dialog is especially useful for microcontrollers, because they could not work at all without set these bits in a correct way. The following screen dumps show the configuration bits for some microcontroller families. Note that disabled bits (grayed) are not used or not modificable.

AVR AT90S4433 Security and Fuse bits

PIC 16F84

AT89S8252

Microchp 24C65

The dialog ask you to insert the first block and the number of blocks to lock. When the device is locked you can't do a "write security" or a "write high endurance" anymore. To lock the device the number of blocks must be greater than 0.


2.2.3 Edit buffer enabled

You can toggle this item either to enable or disable the edit mode. If the edit mode is enabled you can modify the buffer content by clicking on a location of the current window. Two editing modes are available: hexadecimal editing and text editing. If you click on the HEX (center) part of the screen or press ENTER you open a dialog where you can insert the new value for that byte in decimal, hexadecimal, or character. If you click on the ASCII (right magenta) part of the screen you open a dialog where you can insert or modify a text starting from that location. You can CUT & PASTE in the text entry dialog by the use of the right mouse button. Note that you can enable/disable only the edit mode of the current window, so if there are more than one buffer window opened, the edit mode of other windows are left unchanged.

Edit screen shot


2.3 Device

Select the type of current device. You have to select the device type before any commands (read, writing, open, save, ...). Selecting an "Auto XXX"  type means that the device type is determined by the program during the read or write operation, this feature is useful when you need to query a device to know if it works and which device it is. There are some different device family: the IC Bus eeproms that are addressed with 8 bit word, the IC Bus eeproms that are addressed with 16 bit word, the Microwire eeproms with 8 bit organization, the Microwire eeproms with 16 bit organization, the SPI eeproms, the AVR microcontrollers, the PIC 16 microcontrollers, the IMBus eeproms and SDE2506 eeprom. You can select the device family in the tool bar with the combo-box, or directly the device type in the menu. The current device type is stored in the .INI file, so the next time you run the program it's recalled. To read and write IC Bus eeproms other than 24xx (i.e. the SDE2526, SDA2546, SDA2586, SDA3546, SDA3586) select the type "24XX Auto".
The 24C01 can be readed but not writed, you can read it as a 2402 or 24XX Auto device. Note that you can often replace a 24C01 eeprom with a new 24C02 eeprom, because it's fully compatible to the 24C01.
Several microwire eeproms support two types of word organization: 16 bit organization and 8 bit organization. The organization is selected with a pin connected to VCC or GND. SI-Prog adapter connect this pin for 16 bit organization, however some devices support only 8 bit organization.


2.4 Command

2.4.1 Read All

Read the content of a device in the current window buffer.  This operation can take a while to execute, so a dialog box shows the operation progression. If you want to stop the current read just press the "Abort" button.
Finally a dialog box showing the result of the operation appears.
If the program report the message "Device not responding" means that you missed to connect the device to read, or the interface is not configured properly (see the Setup). Note that only the devices that support probing report this type of message, other device simply read all 0's of FF's (if the device is missed). The devices that support probing are the 24XX, the AVR and some PIC. In the case of AVR device selected, the program can report the message "Device locked" in case of the locked bits was programmed. Even some preproduction devices don't support auto probing. You can't read a locked device, to program it see Write.
Since version 1.15c if you select an AVR device (AT90S2313 for example) and read it, the program try to probe the device first. If the device is missing, or the device is locked, or the device is a preproduction device a dialog box appears. It asks you if you want to abort operation, retry or ignore the error. In case of a preproduction device just select "Ignore".


2.4.2 Read Program (FLASH)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command read only the program memory from the device, and leave the data memory intact.


2.4.3 Read Data (EEPROM)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command read only the data memory from the device, and leave the program memory intact.


2.4.4 Read Security and Configuration bits

Read security and configuration bits from the device. Note that this command is implemented only for some devices. To modify the security and configuration bits refer to edit command.


2.4.5 Write All

Write the content of the current window buffer to a device. A dialog box ask you to confirm this unrecoverable operation. This operation can take a while to execute, so a dialog box shows the operation progression. If you want to stop the current write just press the "Abort" button. After the write operation an automatic verify is executed. Finally a dialog box showing the result of the operation appears.
Before to perform a write I suggest to select the exact device type, not the "24XX Auto" or "AVR Auto".
Note that both the program (FLASH) and data (EEPROM) memory are writed (only if the device is a splitted device like the AVR or PIC), and then verified.
Since the version 1.15c a probe is performed on every AVR device (see Read).


2.4.6 Write Program (FLASH)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command write only the program memory to the device, and leave the data memory intact. The exception is the AVR device: to write the program memory an erase is needed, so the data memory is erased too. Some AVR devices have EESAVE fuse bit, when programmed the EEPROM is preserved during a flash erase.


2.4.7 Write Data (EEPROM)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command write only the data memory to the device, and leave the program memory intact.


2.4.8 Write Security and Configuration bits

Write security and configuration bits to the device. Note that this command is implemented only for some devices. To modify the security and configuration bits refer to edit command.


2.4.9 Verify All

Verify the content of a device, compares it to the content of  the current window buffer.  This operation can take a while to execute, so a dialog box shows the operation progression. If you want to stop the verify just press the "Abort" button. Finally a dialog box showing the result of the operation appears.


2.4.10 Verify Program (FLASH)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command verify only the program memory from the device, and ignore the data memory.


2.4.11 Verify Data (EEPROM)

This command is available only for splitted Program/Data devices. The buffer is splitted in two different part for these devices: the first part for program memory and the second part for data memory. This command verify only the data memory from the device, and ignore the program memory.


2.4.12 Erase

Erase all the content of a device to FF's (both program and data memory). Note that this command is implemented only for AVR and PIC devices.


2.4.13 GetInfo

Shows some informations about the device. Some of these informations are showed also in the status bar at the bottom of the main window.


2.4.14 Reset

Reset the device. It's useful with in-system applications.


2.4.15 Program

Execute a customizable sequence of commands. You can select the commands to execute with program options


2.4.16 Program Options

Select the commands to execute with the Program command.


2.5 Utility

2.5.1 Clear Buffer

Clear the current window buffer with FF's.


2.5.2 Fill Buffer

Fill the current window buffer with a character. A dialog box asks you to select the addresses fo fill (from - to locations), and the value of the character to fill. You can insert the value either in decimal (i.e. 45), hexadecimal (i.e. 0x45) or octal (i.e. 045) base.


2.5.3 Double bank

This command duplicates every bank in the current buffer and changes the device type to a bigger device type. A bank is a cluster of 256 bytes for the 24xx and a word for other devices. This utility is useful to replace a SDA2546 device with a 24C08 or a SDA2586 with a 24C16. Example: you have to select the device type "24xx Auto", connect the SDA2546 device and perform a Read operation. Then you have to perform a "Double bank", replace the SDA2546 with a blank 24C08 and perform a Write operation (Refer also to I2CBus adapter).


2.5.4 Byte swap

This command swap bytes within every word in the current window buffer. It's useful to convert from little endian representation to big endiand and viceversa. Some devices uses 16bit word so you can represent it in both ways depending on your needs.
For example consider the number 1234 hex (4660 decimal), the little endian is 34 - 12, while the big endiand is 12 - 34.


2.5.5 Set Serial Number

This command set the serial number in the configured locations of the current window buffer. You can configure the serial number location, value and size with the serial number config command. Every time you execute this command the value is incremented.


2.5.6 Serial Number Config

This command open a dialog box where you can configure the serial number locations, value, format and size.


2.6 Setup

2.6.1 Interface Setup

Open a dialog box where you can select the interface type and the port number where the hardware is connected. You can choose from several hardware interfaces (see PonyProg Hardware interfaces for more info). Note that only SI Prog support all devices.

Setup screen shot


2.6.2 Calibration

Calibration tunes the serial bus speed for your computer. When you run Calibration be sure that PonyProg is the only program running in the PC, and the hard disk is idle (look at the HD led). If your PC is busy because it's performing other tasks the Calibration thinks your PC is slower than actual speed, and all I/Os are performed without proper delay.
After the Calibration you can choose the speed for every serial bus modifying the following parameters in the ponyprog.ini (.PonyProgrc under Linux) file:

Every parameter can be assigned the value ULTRASLOW, VERYSLOW, SLOW, NORMAL, FAST or TURBO.
Avoid to use the TURBO value because it means "no delay", and probably it doesn't work on your PC, especially with the I/O driver.
Just for example my PC (Pentium MMX 200MHz) run ICBus at about 80Khz with NORMAL, and 110 Khz with FAST. Note that a lot of ICBus devices don't work at speed above the 100KHz.

A special note for AVR devices. The AVR need a valid system clock to be programmed via SPI and the max frequency of the SPI bus depends on this system clock. So if you changed the fuse (even accidentally) to use low clocks like 1MHz or 32.768KHz you must change the SPIBusSpeed=VERYSLOW or ULTRASLOW to access the AVR anymore. If you have to use such low clocks I suggest to program the flash and eeprom first, and at last program the security and fuse bits.


3 Hardware interfaces

PonyProg supports several hardware interfaces, however note that only with SI-Prog interface you are able to program all the devices.
Next paragraphs show to you all the hardware interfaces in detail.


3.1 SI-Prog

3.1.1 The main board

Connect the DB9 connector to PC COM port using standard serial cable.
Connect J2 connector to the correct adapter observing polarity (look at pin 1 and pin 10).


3.1.2 ICBus (2-wire) eeprom adapter

This adapter is needed to program all ICBus devices: 24C02, 24C04, 24C08, 24C16, 24C32, 24C64, 24C128, 24C256, 24C512, PCF858x and SDA2526, SDA2546, SDA2586 eeproms. Connect the adapter to main board observing polarity. Insert the eeprom in the socket with the signature: 24xx (A0). If you need to access a 24xx eeprom with SMT case (SO8) place the device with every pin exactly on the corrisponding pad and press to make the contact good during the read/write operation.
Some devices mount two 24Cxx eeproms at different address and access them as a large single eeprom. You can achieve this with the two sockets A0 and A2. For example if you insert two 24C02 eeproms, select the "24XX Auto" device and perform a read. PonyProg detect a 24C04 eeprom and the content is the sum of the two 24C02 eeproms.

Some eeproms (especially old SDE and SDA eeproms) need external power for a correct programming.
To use external power you need to connect a 9V battery to J9 and move JP2 to "ext" position.


3.1.3 Microwire (3-wire) eeprom adapter

This adapter is needed to program the Microwire devices: 93C06, 93C46, 93C56, 93C66, 93C76, 93C86 eeproms. Connect the adapter to main board observing polarity. Insert the eeprom in the socket with the signature: 93Cx6 or 93Cx6X depending on the exact device model. Note that some devices support only 8 bit organization, look at the following table to know what socket to use and menu device to select.

Microchip Microwire (3-wire) Serial eeprom

Part Code

Org.

Socket

Power (*)

Menu Label

93AA46

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93LC46A

8bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9346

93LC46B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93C46B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93AA46X

8/16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93LC46AX

8bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9346

93LC46BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93C46BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

93AA56

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93LC56A

8bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9356

93LC56B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93C56A

8bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire16 -> 9356

93C56B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93AA56X

8/16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93LC56AX

8bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9356

93LC56BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93C56AX

8bit

93Cx6X

Ext

MicroWire16 -> 9356

93C56BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

93AA66

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93LC66A

8bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9366

93LC66B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93C66A

8bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire16 -> 9366

93C66B

16bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93AA66X

8/16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93LC66AX

8bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 8 -> 9366

93LC66BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93C66AX

8bit

93Cx6X

Ext

MicroWire16 -> 9366

93C66BX

16bit

93Cx6X

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

93AA76

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9376

93LC76

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9376

93C76

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9376

93AA86

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9386

93LC86

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9386

93C86

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext

MicroWire 16 -> 9386

(*) If you experiment problems during the “write” operation, use the “Ext” power. “Int” power may not work on some PC, it depends on how much current is capable your PC COM port. If you don't use the LM2936Z-5 use the “Ext” power with ALL devices.

Atmel Microwire (3-wire) Serial eeprom

Part Code

Org.

Socket

Power (*)

Menu Label

AT93C46

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

AT93C46W

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

AT93C46R

8/16bit

93Cx6X

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

AT93C46A

16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

AT93C46C

16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9346

AT93C56

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

AT93C56W

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9356

AT93C66

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

AT93C66W

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9366

AT93C86

8/16bit

93Cx6

Ext/Int

MicroWire 16 -> 9386

(*) If you experiment problems during the “write” operation, use the “Ext” power. “Int” power may not work on some PC, it depends on how much current is capable your PC COM port. If you don't use the LM2936Z-5 use the “Ext” power with ALL devices.

To use external power you need to connect a 9V battery to J9 and move JP2 to "ext" position.


3.1.8 PIC micro adapter

This adapter is needed to program the Microchip PIC microcontrollers: PIC16F84, PIC16F84A, PIC16F87x, PIC12C50x. Connect the adapter to main board observing polarity. Insert the PIC in the correct socket (look at the text in silkscreen on the PCB). Pay attention to polarity (pin 1).
To program PIC16F84, PIC16F84A and PIC16F87x you need a 9V battery connected to BT1, the JP2 on "Int" position, and the JP1 on "Bat" position. If your COM port can't provide enaugh current you have to provide an external power: connect a stabilized +15 Volt D.C. to J9 (pay attention to the polarity), move JP2 on "Ext" position and JP1 on "Ext" position.
To program PIC12C50x you need a stabilized +13 Volt D.C. to J9 and move JP2 on "Ext" position and JP1 on "Ext" position.

 


3.1.9 Jumper setting summary

Version 2.2 of PDF schematic

Jumper name (silkscreened on the PCB) Jumper function
JP1 Switch between battery powered and external powered PIC Vpp modes.
JP2 Switch between internal COM powered and external powered Vdd modes.
JP3 Select the polarity of Reset line for AVR AT90Sxx and AT89Sxx microcontroller
JP4 Connect pin 7 to GND. 24Cxx devices usually need this pin connected to GND, while PCF8582 no.
   
J9

Connector for Vdd external power. You need to provide an external power (9V, i.e.battery) when the Vdd drops under 5 Volts during programming. This may happen in three cases:

  1. your COM port don't provide enaugh current
  2. the device sink too much current (i.e. N-Mos devices)
  3. you replace the LM2936Z-5 with a 78L05
BT1 Connector for Vpp battery generated power. PIC16Fxxx devices need a battery to generate the Vpp = Vdd + 9V

 


3.1.10 Serial cable

To use PonyProg you need a serial cable DB9 Female to DB9 Male with ALL pins connected in the following way:

DB9 Female DB9 Male
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9

It's sometime called "modem cable", however check that all pins are connected. Avoid to use "null modem cable"s.


3.1.11 Electric schematic

Version 2.2 of PDF schematic


3.1.12 Mounting plan

Version 2.2 of PDF mounting plan


4 Scripts

PonyProg SCRIPT is a tool to automate programming. A script is a text file with extension .e2s containing a sequence of commands to execute. Every line contain a command, lines starting with the character # are skipped (comments) as well as blank lines.

4.1 Quick start

With your favourite text editor create a text file like this:

#------ START --------
#Programming sequence
SELECTDEVICE ATTINY12
CLEARBUFFER
LOAD-PROG flash.hex
LOAD-DATA eeprom.hex
PAUSE "Connect and powerup the circuit, are you ready?"
READ-CALIBRATION 0x3ff
ERASE-ALL
WRITE&VERIFY-ALL

#Pay attention to NOT disable RSTDISBL
#Fuse: "BODLEVEL ","BODEN ","SPIEN ","RSTDISBL    ","CKSEL3 ","CKSEL2 ","CKSEL1","CKSEL0    "
# 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
WRITE-FUSE 0xED

#Lock: {X,X,X,X,X,"Lock2 ","Lock1 ",X}
# 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
WRITE-LOCK 0x06
#------- END ---------

Save the file with extension .e2s (for example script.e2s) and then run:
> ponyprog2000.exe script.e2s

PonyProg will startup, select the ATtiny12 device, clear the buffer, load flash and eeprom files, read the osc.calibration to location 0x3ff in the buffer and then program the device with flash, eeprom, fuses and lock bits. When finished PonyProg exit.

If you use the avr-gcc compiler you will find useful to call PonyProg directly from the make file.
Insert the following lines in your makefile and then launch "make isp"

	ISPEXE = c:/programmi/ponyprog2000/ponyprog2000.exe
	MCU = atmega128
	TRG = myapp
isp: $(TRG).hex $(TRG).eep
	echo -e "SELECTDEVICE $(MCU)\nLOAD-PROG $(TRG).hex\nLOAD-DATA $(TRG).eep\nWRITE&VERIFY-ALL" >isp.e2s
	$(ISPEXE) isp.e2s

4.2 Command reference

#
BYTESWAP
CALL <command>
CLEARBUFFER
DELAY <msec>
EDIT-SECURITY
ERASE-ALL
FILLBUFFER [val][from][to]
LOAD-ALL [file][relocation_offset]
LOAD-PROG [file][relocation_offset]
LOAD-DATA [file][relocation_offset]
PAUSE [message]
READ-ALL
READ-CALIBRATION <address>[mem][osc_index]
READ-DATA
READ-PROG
READ-FUSE
READ-LOCK
RESET
SAVE-ALL [file | '--'][file_type]
SAVE-DATA [file | '--'][file_type]
SAVE-PROG [file | '--'][file_type]
SELECTDEVICE <device>
SERIALNUMBER [value][start][size][mem][format][autoinc]
VERIFY-ALL
VERIFY-DATA
VERIFY-PROG
WRITE-ALL
WRITE-DATA
WRITE-PROG
WRITE-FUSE [bits]
WRITE-LOCK [bits]
WRITE&VERIFY-ALL
WRITE&VERIFY-DATA
WRITE&VERIFY-PROG


[ ] optional argument
< > required argument


#

Description:
Any line starting with # character is considered as a comment and skipped.


SELECTDEVICE <device>

Description:
Select the device model to read/write.

Example:
SELECTDEVICE ATMEGA128


LOAD-ALL [file][relocation_offset]
LOAD-DATA [file][relocation_offset]
LOAD-PROG [file][relocation_offset]

Description:
LOAD-ALL load the whole content of the selected device from the file specified, this command is useful to load PIC and EEPROM devices with HEX or BIN format, or is useful to load every devices with E2P files.
LOAD-PROG load only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR)
LOAD-DATA load only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR)
If no file is specified then open a file dialog to choose the file to load. The relocation_offset is an optional argument useful if you want to load at memory addresses different from that specified in the file. In case of binary file you specify the address from which start to load the buffer.

Example:
LOAD-PROG prog_memory.hex
LOAD-ALL memory.bin 0x100 (skip the first 256 bytes of the buffer)


SAVE-ALL [file | '--'][file_type]
SAVE-DATA [file | '--'][file_type]
SAVE-PROG [file | '--'][file_type]

Description:
SAVE-ALL save the whole content of the selected device to the file specified.
SAVE-PROG save only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR)
SAVE-DATA save only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR)
If no file is specified it saves to the current file name, in case of no current file name it opens the file dialog to choose a file name. If the -- string is specified it opens the file dialog to choose a new file name. If you specify the file_type it saves the buffer in the selected file format, useful to convert a file from one type to another.
file_type can be:
- e2p to select the default E2P file used by PonyProg
- bin to select a raw binary format
- csm to select a custom CSM file format used by some TV repairer
- intel-hex to select standard INTEX-HEX text format
- mot-srec to select standard MOTOROLA SREC text format

Example:
SAVE-DATA data_memory.hex intel-hex
SAVE-ALL -- (save all the device and ask the file name)


READ-ALL
READ-DATA
READ-PROG

Description:
READ-ALL read the whole content of the selected device to the current buffer
READ-PROG read only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)
READ-DATA read only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)

Example:
READ-ALL


WRITE&VERIFY-ALL
WRITE&VERIFY-DATA
WRITE&VERIFY-PROG

Description:
WRITE&VERIFY-ALL write and then verify the whole content of the selected device reading from the buffer
WRITE&VERIFY-PROG write and then verify only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)
WRITE&VERIFY-DATA write and then verify only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)
WRITE&VERIFY commands require PonyProg version 2.05 or more recent. Usually you will use the WRITE&VERIFY, not the WRITE and then the VERIFY command because the former verify only programmed locations instead the latter verify all the buffer (slower).

Example:
WRITE&VERIFY-PROG


WRITE-ALL
WRITE-DATA
WRITE-PROG

Description:
WRITE-ALL write the whole content of the selected device reading from the buffer
WRITE-PROG write only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)
WRITE-DATA write only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)

Example:
WRITE-ALL


VERIFY-ALL
VERIFY-DATA
VERIFY-PROG

Description:
VERIFY-ALL read and compare the whole content of the selected device against the buffer
VERIFY-PROG verify only the program FLASH portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)
VERIFY-DATA verify only the data EEPROM portion of the device (useful with the AVR or PIC)

Example:
VERIFY-ALL


ERASE-ALL

Description:
ERASE-ALL erase the whole content of the selected device. Usually this operation bring all the locations of the selected device to FF.

Example:
ERASE-ALL


EDIT-SECURITY

Description:
Open the fuse and lock bits dialog to edit them.


READ-FUSE
READ-LOCK

Description:
READ-FUSE read the fuse bits (device dependant) and open the fuse and lock bits dialog
READ-LOCK read the lock bits (device dependant) and open the fuse and lock bits dialog

Example:
READ-FUSE


WRITE-FUSE [bits]
WRITE-LOCK [bits]

Description:
WRITE-FUSE write the fuse bits (device dependant).
WRITE-LOCK write the lock bits (device dependant).
If the argument is specified it is the numeric value of the bits rapresentation, note that a 1 means programmed. If no argument is specified the current value is programmed. Pay Attention to program the FUSE bits with the AVR, you can specify a wrong bit combination that will prevent you to access the AVR device in the future. Refer to the datasheets for the meaning of every bit.

Some AVR devices have more than one byte for the fuse bits. In such cases the argument is a multibyte numer and least significant byte is the standard fuse byte. For example:

argument = 0x010203
Standard fuse = 0x03
High fuse = 0x02
Extended fuse = 0x01

Example:
SELECTDEVICE AT90S1200
#Lock: {X,X,X,X,X,"Lock2 ","Lock1 ",X}
# 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
WRITE-LOCK 0x06

SELECTDEVICE ATTINY2313
#Fuse: "SPMEN " -
# "DWEN ","EESAVE ","SPIEN ","WDTON ","BODLEVEL2 ","BODLEVEL1 ","BODLEVEL0 ","RSTDISBL " -
# "CKDIV8 ","CKOUT ","SUT1 ","SUT0 ","CKSEL3 ","CKSEL2 ","CKSEL1 ","CKSEL0 "
# 0 - 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 - 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
WRITE-FUSE 0x00402


SERIALNUMBER [value][start][size][mem][format][autoinc]

Description:
Used to set a serial number in a location in the buffer before to write the device. This number can be specified every time or autoincremented from the previous one.

Example:
SERIALNUMBER 136 0x100 2 DATA LITTLEENDIAN NO
Set the serial number of '2' bytes and value '136' at address '0x100' starting from 'DATA' memory. The format should be LITTLEENDIAN without autoincrement


READ-CALIBRATION <address>[mem][osc_index]

Description:
Read the internal oscillator calibration value from the AVR and write it to a location in the buffer at the specified address (and memory type DATA or PROG). The osc_index argument specify which calibration value should be read since some AVR have several oscillator frequencies. The osc_index argument is available only from the 2.06c version

Example:
SELECTDEVICE ATMEGA128
READ-CALIBRATION 0x100 DATA 3
Read the oscillator calibration value for 8MHz frequency


BYTESWAP

Description:
Swap the order of bytes within a word in the buffer (low byte <--> high byte)


RESET

Description:
Reset the device


CLEARBUFFER

Description:
Clear the buffer (all bytes to FF)


FILLBUFFER [val][from][to]

Description:
Fill the buffer from location 'from' to location 'to' with the 'val' value.
If no argument is specified a dialog ask for these values.

Example:
FILLBUFFER 24 0x100 0x200


PAUSE [message]

Description:
Pause the program and show a message dialog asking confirmation to continue.


CALL <command>

Description:
Call an external program and wait for it terminates.

Example:
CALL notepad.exe


DELAY <msec>

Description:
Wait for the specified amount fo milliseconds.

Example:
DELAY 1000
Suspend the script and wait for 1 second


5 F.A.Q.

=============
AVR questions
=============

Q: I can't program ATmega, I always got "Write failed message".
Q: I can't program AVR AT90Sxxx, I receive error -21 and the program fails. What is the problem?

A: Increase the following parameters in the ponyprog.ini file (all times are in milliseconds)

   AVRByteWriteDelay=30         'Delay to complete the write of a single word
   AVREraseDelay=100            'Delay to complete the erase of all the memory

   In case of ATmega increase also the following parameter:
   ATMegaPageWriteDelay=50      'Delay to complete the write of a page of flash memory

--------

Q: I can't read or write AT90S1200 device. I receive the error message:
   "Device missing or unknown device -24"

A: Select "Ignore" button, if the final message is "Write succesful" you have a sample that
   doesn't reply to the identify command. It seems that early devices don't reply to this command.

--------

Q: I need to program the AVR mounted on the target circuit (In system programming), but PonyProg
   fails to program because an external reset circuit hold the reset line low for a long time.

A: Try to play with the following parameters in the INI file, it should solve the problem (all the
times are in milliseconds)

  SPIResetPulse=100        'How long is the reset pulse generated by PonyProg
  SPIDelayAfterReset=50    'How many milliseconds PonyProg waits after the reset pulse


===============
Other questions
===============

Q: What type of cable I should use to connect SI-Prog to the COM port?

A: You must use "straight through" cable with all 9 pins connected.
   Don't use "null modem" cable. (look at 3.1.10)

--------

Q: With Windows2000/XP I can't access the LPT ports without being administrator, I need to run PonyProg
   logged in as normal user, what can I do?

A: You cannot load the DLPORTIO.SYS driver w/o being an administrator.
   As Administrator, Start the Computer Management console -> Device Manager -> View: show hidden devices.
   Then Expand Non-Plug and Play Drivers and find the driver in the list.
   It may show up as DriverLINX Port I/O Driver.
   Then, for this driver -> properties -> driver startup. Set startup to boot. Reboot the system.

---------

Q: My PC doesn't have any LPT/COM port, can I use a USB2COM or USB2LPT adapter?

A: Some USB adapters don't work at all while other adapters are very slow. So I suggest to avoid USB adapter
   and buy COM/LPT PCMCIA or PCI adapters that emulates 100% native LPT and COM ports.

----------

Q: I have a Windows2000/XP PC with an extra LPT card, but PonyProg can't select the added port, can I force it?

A: First you have to select the AvrISP-I/O interface instead of the API version.
   Then you have to edit ponyprog2000.ini file and disable port autodetection:
   AutoDetectPorts=NO
   then you have to discover the real address of the extra LPT port by looking at
   Computer Management console -> Device Manager -> LPT ports -> resources. For example if the extra LPT is LPT3
   and the address is DF00 you need to enter the line
   LPTPorts=378,278,DF00
   Note that this fix works only in some version (use 2.06g and newer).